in Africans in Global Migration: Searching for Promised Lands, edited by John A. Arthur, Joseph Takougang and Thomas Owusu. Lexington Books, September 2012:
Over the past three decades, African immigrants have been entering the US in increasing numbers due to the push factors of globalization, wars, civil unrest and natural disasters. Drawing on in-depth interviews with African women as immigrants in Greater Boston and Philadelphia, this chapter explores how the intersections of gender, race and class affect their contributions to civil society and business development. This work illustrates how transnational ties, specifically in the form of pan-Africanism, lead African immigrants to make significant contributions to community revitalization, particularly in historically African American communities. Although African women immigrants are clearly transnationals, in their civic lives, they differ from their male counterparts in their especially strong commitment to improving the lives of their families and communities on this side of the Atlantic. (This is a reprint from an earlier published article in African and Asian Studies [November 2008] with slight revisions).